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Champagne Terms

At The Champagne and Gift Company, we understand that some Champagne terminology can be confusing.
We have compiled a list of terms to easily guide you through your Champagne experience!  
For any other questions, feel free to contact us on: 

 

bespoke@champagneandgifts.co.uk or 0800 849 7849

 

 

A blend of grapes from several vintages
Blend made exclusively from grapes grown and picked in one year
Top vintage champagne of a champagne house
Made from Chardonnay grapes only

Blanc de Noirs
Made exclusively from black grapes

Rosé
Made by blending red and white wine before the second fermentation
OR macerating coloured grape skins

Demi-Sec (or Riche)
Sweeter than Brut – indicates sugar content

Brut
Dry – indicates sugar content

Appelation Controlee
Strict guidelines as to how wine is made

Chardonnay Grapes
White – gives finesse to the champagne

Pinot Noir Grapes
Black- gives backbone to the champagne

Pinot Meunier Grapes
Black – gives fruitiness to the champagne

Cru
A village – 300 in Champagne

Grand Cru Villages
French for ‘great growth.’ Villages are classified according to
Champagne quality with a rating. Grand Cru gets 100%

Premier Cru
One down from Grand Cru, rated 90 to 99%

Methode Champenoise
Traditional method of making champagne

Champagne House
Uses grapes sourced from many different vineyards

Champagne Grower
Champagne made from grapes grown on the same estate and vineyards
owned by that estate

Champagne Co-operative
Recent Good Vintages  2008, 2006, 2002, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997, 1996, 1995, 1993, 1992, 1991, 1990
A group of growers that blend the product of their collective vineyards to sell under one or more brands.